Woman holding stack of books with farewell to overdue fines message

Libraries say farewell to overdue fines

Jan. 2, 2020 (Bellingham, WA) – Public libraries in Bellingham and throughout Whatcom County are saying farewell to overdue fines.

On January 2, Bellingham Public Library (BPL) and Whatcom County Library System (WCLS) joined libraries across the country that have eliminated the practice of charging people for returning library materials after the due date.

This change is designed to help make sure everyone has access to library books and services – after all, that’s what public libraries are all about.

“We began talking to patrons about this change toward the end of 2019, and the response has been positive,” Rebecca Judd, Bellingham Public Library director, said. “Our community supports our goal to improve access to libraries for all Bellingham and Whatcom County residents – regardless of their circumstances.”

When the pending change was announced in November 2019, Rick Osen, chair of the Bellingham Public Library Board of Trustees, said: “We believe our community is stronger when everyone has easy access to the public library and the information and services they need to pursue their goals.”

Marvin Waschke, chair of WCLS Board of Trustees, added, “We want to welcome people back to the library, people who may have been avoiding the library or are blocked from using the library because they have overdue fines or because they are concerned about accruing fines.”

Beginning January 2, area libraries stopped charging overdue fines for late returns. They also eliminated people’s existing overdue account balances, so everyone can start fresh.

“We understand that it’s sometimes hard to return materials to the library,” WCLS Executive Director Christine Perkins said. “Weather, family demands, schedule changes; life has a way of confounding our best plans. Some community members are also challenged by uncertain housing or transportation.”

While overdue fines may be an inconvenience for some, for others — who have limited incomes and tight budgets — fines are a financial barrier to using the library.

This is a barrier that libraries across the country are removing. The list of libraries that have eliminated fines is growing, and includes Seattle Public Library and Chicago Public Library, the latter of which in October 2019 became the largest public library system in the U.S. to stop charging overdue fines.

The work of eliminating fines locally began in 2013, when BPL and WCLS eliminated fines from youth materials. For more information, visit a local library branch or visit the library system’s websites, bellinghampubliclibrary.org and wcls.org.

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Frequently Asked Questions

How many cardholders cannot check out materials because they have too many overdue fines?

Bellingham Public Library:  9,307 (11.6% of total) BPL cardholders owed $10 or more and were blocked, as of November, 2019. Overdue fine balances were removed from all accounts on January 2, 2020, so those cardholders whose accounts were blocked should now have full access to check out materials.

Whatcom County Library System: 8,422 (8.6% of total) WCLS cardholders owed $10 or more and were blocked, as of November, 2019. Overdue fine balances were removed from all accounts on January 2, 2020, so those cardholders whose accounts were blocked should now have full access to check out materials.

How often do people return materials late?

The majority of library borrowers return their materials on time. Across our two library systems this year, our patrons returned 93.1 percent of items on time.  We will continue tracking these numbers to compare in the future. Based on the experiences of other libraries, we don’t expect to see a significant change in this number after we stop charging overdue fines.

What would stop someone from keeping books or other library materials if there are no fines?

Patrons will still be charged a replacement cost for unreturned or damaged items and will still have their borrowing privileges suspended after a certain balance is reached.

Don’t overdue fines reinforce responsibility?

Research shows that eliminating fines on overdue material has little significant impact on return rates.We do not believe that overdue fines teach responsibility, nor do we think that is part of the library’s mission. It is our job to provide equitable access to information. By imposing fines and prohibiting people from borrowing books when the fines add up, we are negatively impacting the people who may need us the most.

Will the library systems waive overdue fines currently owed?

On Jan. 2, 2020, we waived all overdue fine balances. Patrons will start with a clean slate. We hope this encourages people to return to the library.

How do overdue fines affect the library budget?

Fines make up just a small share of our operating budgets, and fines collected has decreased steadily for both libraries for the past few years. At BPL, fines collected represented 1.2% of BPL’s total revenue in 2018. At WCLS, fines collected represent .6% of the total system budget. Removing fines will save money and staff time by reducing the number of financial transactions we handle and eliminate other costs of collecting overdue fines. 

What other Washington libraries have eliminated overdue fines?

In Washington state, the Seattle Public Library recently eliminated fines as part of its 2019 levy vote. Other Washington systems that have removed fines are Fort Vancouver Regional Library (Vancouver), Kitsap Regional Library (Bremerton), Port Townsend Public Library, San Juan Island Public Library, Sno-Isle Libraries (Marysville), Jefferson County Library (Port Hadlock/Olympic Peninsula), and Spokane Public Libraries.